Which Came First - The Rain or the Rainforest?

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Created by Henry Reich
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Boyce, C.K. et al. 2010. Angiosperms Helped Put the Rain in the Rainforests: The Impact of Plant Physiological Evolution on Tropical Biodiversity. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3417/2009143

Boyce, C.K. and Lee, J.-E. 2010. An exceptional role for flowering plant physiology in the expansion of tropical rainforests and biodiversity. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/277/1699/3437.short

Lee, J.‐E., and Boyce, C.K. 2010. Impact of the hydraulic capacity of plants on water and carbon fluxes in tropical South America. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2010JD014568/full

Lewis, S.L. et al. 2011. The 2010 Amazon Drought. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/331/6017/554.short

Malhi, Y. et al. 2008. Climate Change, Deforestation, and the Fate of the Amazon. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/319/5860/169.short

Marengo, J.A. et al. 2008. The Drought of Amazonia in 2005. http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/2007JCLI1600.1

Nepstad, D. et al. 1999. Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v398/n6727/abs/398505a0.html

Nepstad, D. et al. 2001. Road paving, fire regime feedbacks, and the future of Amazon forests. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112701005114

Nickl, et al. 2010. Changes in Annual Land-Surface Precipitation Over the Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Century. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00045608.2010.500241

Land Surface Temperature
Image by: Reto Stockli, NASA's Earth Observatory Team

Image by: The Earth Observatory, NASA

Amazon Droughts and Forest Fires
Image by: The Earth Observatory, NASA
rain, how rain works

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